It's taken me a long time to figure out how I want to write out this page. It's difficult, because the thinking process varies for different people. And because I don't know what the average neuro-typical brain's thinking process is like.
Basically, the thing to remember is that ASD people tend to think in very literal terms. I used to think that there really was a face of a man on the moon. I would look for it in the craters. Sarcasm is a weakness for me. I can't always tell when someone is joking.
I also tend to think in very black and white terms. (Yes, I used to think this meant a lack of color) It's either all or nothing, yes or no, good or bad. It's hard for me when rules are not solid. I can't figure out what exceptions there are to things. So, in my mind, I figure I'd better be safe than sorry.
I easily misunderstand people. Word problems in math drove me nuts, because if you have 2 apples, and you use 2 apples to make a pie, how many apples do you have? Well, 2. They are just in the pie now.
I struggled with reading as well. I don't understand how to read between the lines.